Chapter 105 Water Encroachment Permits

Per Pennsylvania’s Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (25 PA Administrative Code Chapter 105), a Permit is required for projects involving the construction, modification, or relocation of any dam, water obstruction, or encroachment. The Act defines encroachment as “any structure or activity that in any manner changes, expands, or diminishes, the course, current, or cross-section of any watercourse, floodway, or body of water,” which including wetlands.

General Permits (GPs) were created for activities or structures that do not pose a significant threat to flooding or the environment. The Berks County Conservation District is delegated by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to review and acknowledge GPs 1 through 9, which meet the conditions of the permit. Please note that GP-10, 11 and 15 are reviewed by the DEP South Central Regional Office and not by the BCCD.

Streams, floodways, lakes, ponds, wetlands, and other bodies of water are essential habitats for wildlife, improve water quality of our stormwater runoff, and help to reduce flooding. As a result, activities in or near these features are regulated by state and federal laws. In general, disturbance activities in them typically require a permit. Permitted activities include, but are not limited to flood attenuation, channeling, piping, bridging, relocation, floodway encroachment, and wetland disturbances.

Please be advised that GP-5 applications proposing Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) to bore underneath a stream or wetland require a detailed geotechnical report as part of the application. Furthermore, the geotechnical report will need to be reviewed by the DEP South Central Regional Office. If your GP-5 application proposes HDD, please be sure to provide the geotechnical report as part of your application to the BCCD.

        Paper GP Submission Requirements – Provide two copies of each of the following to the BCCD:

Permit Types
Note: For additional information and forms, click on the highlighted link of each permit type.
GP-1 Fish Habitat Enhancement Structures: This permit is used for the installation of fish habitat structures that have been approved by the PA Fish & Boat Commission
GP-2 Small Docks & Boat Launching Ramps: This permit authorizes the installation of pile-supported and floating docks on lakes.
GP-3 Bank Rehabilitation, Bank Stabilization, & Gravel Bar Removal: This permit authorizes projects that involve bank stabilization or gravel bar removal on/in streams.
GP-4 Intake & Outfall Structures: This permit is used for projects such as the installation of a dry fire hydrant or a “clean water” drainpipe outfall.
GP-5 Utility Line Stream Crossings: This permit applies to any utility line (gas, oil, sewer, or water) that crosses under or over a stream or wetland.
GP-6 Agricultural Crossings & Ramps: This permit is to be used when crossings and ramps are installed for agricultural purposes.
GP-7 Minor Road Crossings: This permit can be utilized when establishing a permanent road (not a parking lot) crossing through a wetland or stream using a bridge or culvert or clean fill material.
GP-8 – Temporary Road Crossings: This permit is used to establish a temporary culvert or bridge crossing.
GP-9 Agricultural Activities: This permit authorizes agricultural activities (grassed waterways, terraces, diversions, waste storage facilities, spring development, or minor drainage) that encroach into streams or their flood ways.
GP-10Abandoned Mine Reclamation (reviewed by PADEP South Central Regional Office): includes the construction, operation, or maintenance of an encroachment or water obstruction for the reclamation of an abandoned mining site.
GP-11 Maintenance, Testing, Repair, Rehabilitation, or Replacement of Water Obstructions and Encroachments (reviewed by PADEP South Central Regional Office): The maintenance, testing, repair, rehabilitation, or replacement of existing currently serviceable water obstructions or encroachments.
GP-15Private Residential Construction in Wetlands (reviewed by PADEP South Central Regional Office): includes the placement and maintenance of fill in, or the excavation of, non-tidal wetlands for the construction or expansion of a single family home for the personal residence.
JPAJoint Permit Application (reviewed by PADEP South Central Regional Office): includes all those projects that are not eligible for any of the aforementioned GPS.

Chapter 105 Permitting     

The BCCD is delegated to review Chapter 105 General Permit numbers 1 through 9. For more information about Chapter 105 General Permits, you can visit DEP’s website, click the link below:

Permit information through DEP:

Berks County Water Encroachment Permits:


As part of Governor Wolf’s commitment to improve the permitting process, the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) has launched an e-permit for Chapter 105 Wetland and Waterway Obstruction and Encroachment GPs to make application submittal and review more efficient and enable faster responses to applicants. Furthermore, DEP is transitioning away from paper to online electronic permit applications.

In order to get started using the e-Permitting program, applicants and their consultants must register with the program. The exact registration and set-up steps are outlined in the User Guides found below. A detailed overview of each step of a User and EFA are outlined in the Getting Started In Chapter 105 General Permit E-Permitting – User Guides Supplement and Summary.

The Applicant is required to have an Electronic Filing Administrator (EFA). The EFA the person who has signature authority for an organization and is responsible for managing the applications. EFAs should follow the registration instructions in the EFA User Guide. A short tutorial video for EFAs is located here.

Consultants are considered Users or Operators and should follow the Operator Consultant User Guide. A User’s Registration and Security Agreement for e-Permitting must be filed before a Consultant can operate on behalf of the Applicant. Consultants, or other users needing to register for their client, may utilize this video to assist in registering for e-Permitting.

For more information, consult the Frequently Asked Questions guide or refer to DEP’s e-Permitting for Chapter 105 General Permits, Water Obstructions and Encroachments website directly.

Additional Information:

Guidelines for Maintaining Streams in Your Community

Link to Documents and Forms


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